A number of pheromones and pheromone-like substances have been isolated in humans, and have been shown in scientific studies to have an affect on a variety of human behavior and hormonal processes.
Whether these effects are 100% “true” pheromone reactions or not is an interesting point and worthy of further investigation, but is a moot point to the perfume industry.
The effects of pheromones may be modulated by the sexual experience of the target and/or by the extent to which the target’s VNO is still functional, but the fact is that a number of controlled human studies have shown that pheromones both natural and synthetic/supplemental do affect our social behavior, and a growing mountain of raving pheromone product testimonials also support these findings.
Furthermore, I have yet to come across even one pheromone study that has failed to show some significant effects from pheromones, and until that happens there is little alternative but to assume that pheromones work.
What follows are abstracts of controlled studies showing a relationship between supplemental pheromone use and human behavior.
Pheromones are volatile, odorous substances which are released by one animal and detected by another, causing some sort of physiological reaction. These reactions can manifest themselves in a variety of different ways: some pheromones modulate sexual activity, some affect aggression, some play roles in territory marking, and other pheromones have similarly diverse effects on the target animal. Pheromones have been demonstrated in a very large number of organisms ranging from amoebas to fish to mammals, including primates. However, the question of whether human olfactory signals exist has been a question of much debate and few definite conclusions. In this paper I will look at some possible examples of odor signaling in humans. (more…)
Dr Cutler explains her discovery of human pheromones
By Dr. Winnifred Cutler
Excerpted from the newsletter Women’s Health Connection, vol II, number 5b
copyright Women’s Health Connection, PO Box 6338, Madison WI, 53716
Throughout the animal kingdom, it was well known (by 1979) that females emit sex attractants that cause males (of the same species) to approach. Animal pheromones were so well understood, by the late 70’s, that manufacturers were marketing them as pest controls; pheromones were used to lure and divert animals and bugs to traps to prevent crop and flower damage. I was fortunate to be one of the scientists working on the research that proved the existence of human pheromones for the first time. (more…)
Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Pheromones are airborne chemical signals that are released by an individual into the environment and which affect the physiology or behaviour of other members of the same species. The idea that humans produce pheromones has excited the imagination of scientists and the public, leading to widespread claims for their existence, which, however, has remained unproven. Here we investigate whether humans produce compounds that regulate a specific neuroendocrine mechanism in other people without being consciously detected as odours (thereby fulfilling the classic definition of a pheromone). We found that odourless compounds from the armpits of women in the late follicular phase of their menstrual cycles accelerated the preovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone of recipient women and shortened their menstrual cycles. Axillary (underarm) compounds from the same donors which were collected later in the menstrual cycle (at ovulation) had the opposite effect: they delayed the luteinizing-hormone surge of the recipients and lengthened their menstrual cycles. By showing in a fully controlled experiment that the timing of ovulation can be manipulated, this study provides definitive evidence of human pheromones.
The behavior of animals is strongly influenced by pheromones — chemicals made by one animal and “smelled” by another. Mating, dominance among males, weaning, recognition of members of social groups, and level of stress are all influenced, even controlled, by pheromones. Inside of the nose of nonhuman mammals is a specialized organ for receiving pheromones, which then communicates through special neural pathways to the hypothalamus. Until the last few years, common wisdom has been that humans did not communicate using pheromones. Then four years ago, a pheromone receptor was found in the human nose. (more…)
No pheromone candles you say? We beg to differ. It has been asserted by other organizations that pheromone candles will not be successful based on an arbitrary number that somehow the structural integrity of the molecule will somehow be sacrificed around 155 degrees farenheit. In order to show this assertion is not accurate, it is necessary to have an understanding of how candles function, the molecular structure of hormones, and diffusion. (more…)
Pheromones are natural chemical signals that the body produces in order to attract others. Pheromones are well documented in the animal kingdom as the force that controls all social behavior, especially mating.
Scientists are now finding that human behavior is also heavily influenced by these invisible suggestive chemical compounds, specifically those from the androstenone family. As the evolutionary time scale has progressed, pheromone production has decreased as humans acquired new standards of attraction. However, some men are genetically disposed to produce more androstenone and androstenol pheromones than others which is why some men seem to have more “luck with the ladies” than others. Rest assured that one of the reasons for their success is not luck, it is SCIENCE ! Now everyone can enjoy the benefits of cheating evolution – level the playing field with the pheromones contained in these awesome pheromone products! You will be amazed! (more…)
Some are stronger than others (different concentrations of pheromones), some have only androstenone while others have a blend that includes other compounds as well, but all these products really rely on their concentration of the human pheromone 5-alpha-an-drost-16-ene-one for effectiveness. Our product was designed to deliver a very high percentage of 5-alpha-an-drost-16-ene-one with an affordable price tag. Time has been taken to do the research, and money has been spent to procure only the finest reagent compounds delivered with the only the most accurate and precise instrumentation. The pheromone content of each and every product we offer is carefully monitored throughout the process and is administered using a highly accurate Hamilton 900 Series ™ diluter/dispenser to ensure absolute continuity between bottles and to give each and every one of our customers the absolute BEST in results!
Dictionary definition: A chemical substance that is produced by an animal and serves especially as a stimulus to other individuals of the same species for one or more behavioral responses — called also ectohormone-1997 by Merriam-Webster, Incorporated (more…)
Each morning for a month female subjects placed either 5 alpha-androst-16-en-3 alpha-ol, a putative human pheromone, or a placebo on the upper lip. Each evening the subjects rated on five scales their moods during that day. In the middle of their monthly cycle those females exposed to androstenol rather than a control tended to rate their moods as submissive rather than aggressive. (more…)
The summated receptor potential was recorded from the vomeronasal organ (VNO) and olfactory epithelium (OE) of 49 human subjects of both sexes (18 to 55 years old) using surface non-polarizable silver-silver chloride electrodes. (more…)
For thousands of years people have pursued plants, potions, scents, and stimulants believed to boost sexual desire.
The world’s aphrodisiacs—named for Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty—range from the mundane to the downright bizarre.